Indian Independence Transfer Of Power Agreement

2 The reviewed ambiguity of the cabinet`s mission memorandum on contracts and cabinet superiority of May 12, 1946 was understandable in two respects. First, it was developed (as explained by the mission in a may 22, 1946 memo for the first publication of the memorandum) prior to its discussions with political leaders; It represents only „the content of what they communicated to the representatives of the States in their first interviews.” However, in his own plan, set out in the declaration of 16 May 1946, there was ambiguity: „The exact form that [States] will adopt for cooperation must be negotiated and it will not be the same for all States.” Secondly, it should be remembered that the mission plan does not provide for time limits and also provides that the Viceroy will remain during the preparation phase of the Constitution and will be able to oversee negotiations that would involve states in the new Indian Union or lead to „specific political agreements”. I think it was less recusable to settle for such ambiguity in February 1947, when the reassuring „intermediate period” was clarified and limited, much less in June 1947, when the „transition period” was only ten weeks and the constitution (with the help of Dominion status and the simple amendment of the 1935 Act) was clearly postponed to the post-independent period. See The Transfer of Power 1942-7, VII, 522 (May 12) and VII, 582 (May 16) Google Scholar; Also Menon, V. P., The Story of the Integration of the Indian States (1956), p. 60-9.Google Scholar The major political parties have repeatedly stressed their desire for a transfer of power as soon as possible in India. With this wish, Her Majesty`s government is fully compassionate and they are prepared to anticipate earlier the date of June 1948 for the handover of power by the formation of an Indian government or independent government. That is why Her Majesty`s Government proposes, as the quickest and practical only means, to introduce legislation during the current session on the transfer of power on the basis of Dominion`s status to one or two successors, in accordance with the decisions taken as a result of that announcement. It will be the right of Indian constitutional assemblies to decide in due course whether or not the part of India for which they are authorized will remain in the British Commonwealth. Members of both parties of each legislature, with 37 separate seats, will have the power to vote on whether or not to divide the province. If a simple majority of both parties opts for division, division is made and appropriate arrangements are made. Note: The word independence occurs….

It says that in India, two independent Dominions, known as India and Pakistan, will be built. In the first project of the India Bill, the title appeared in the lead as „India (Dominion Status) Bill”. Cripps immediately felt that Indian opinion thought it was an imperialist ruse to give a little less than total independence. On its proposal, the firm decided to change the title to „India (Independence) Bill” … However, the content remains the same and speaks of the foundation of two lords. (Read more about him and his speech below) I would like to join in the honours that have been bestought by the right, Gentleman, the Member of Parliament for Woodford (Mr. Churchill). First of all, it should be noted that the Viceroy has shown great gifts of state art and a combination of patience, initiative and energy, which is indeed rare.

Across the British Commonwealth, we have all waited for the statement that the Prime Minister has just made and we are pleased that the three major Indian parties have approved the plan.

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